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What are Criminal Records in New Mexico?
New Mexico criminal records are official documents pertaining to the criminal activity of a person within the state jurisdiction. These records are a compilation of the subject’s criminal offenses, arrest history, indictments and conviction and/or incarceration details. This information is assembled from local, county and state-operated, law enforcement offices, trial and appeal courts as well as state correctional institutions.
What’s Contained in Criminal Records?
New Mexico criminal records generally comprise the following:
- The full name of the subject (including any known aliases)
- The birth date, race/ethnicity, and fingerprints of the subject
- A mugshot and details of unique physical descriptors
- All previous and current indictments
- Arrest records and outstanding warrants
- Conviction information
What are Arrest Records?
New Mexico arrest records are official documents containing details regarding a court-order apprehension and detention. These records are generated following the alleged involvement of an individual in criminal activity within the jurisdiction of the state. However, these records are not definitive proof of the arrestee’s involvement in the alleged crime. They merely suggest that the subject was detained and/or questioned for investigation’s sake. Following their arrest, persons found to be guilty of the alleged crime are indicted, charged and sentence and information regarding these processes are detailed on the individual’s criminal record.
Arrest records in New Mexico typically feature details of the alleged crime as well as:
- The personal information of the arrestee: their name, birth date, fingerprint, race, etc.
- Date and place of the arrest
- The name of the arresting officer
- The address of the detention center or jail
- Case status
What are Arrest Warrants?
New Mexico arrest warrants are a court-issued legal order allowing law enforcement officers to apprehend and/or detain individuals suspected of a criminal offense. Arrest warrants are typically issued by a judge or magistrate upon the request of a district attorney for use by local or state law enforcement officers. Essentially, most New Mexico arrest warrants comprise:
- A description of the alleged criminal offense
- The personal information of the suspect
- The date and time the arrest may occur
- Restrictions on the validity of the warrant
- Any applicable bail/bond conditions.
Law enforcement agents in New Mexico may arrest criminal suspects without arrest warrants if the officer is a witness to the crime or if the individual is suspected of a felony.
What are Misdemeanors in New Mexico?
New Mexico misdemeanors are non-indictable offenses which are generally considered to be less severe than felonies. In the state of New Mexico Misdemeanors are divided into two categories -- petty misdemeanors and misdemeanors. While the penalty for misdemeanors generally depends on the class it is attributed to, the punishments are not likely to exceed 1 year jail time, a $1000 fee or in some cases both. Some examples of felonies include:
- Shoplifting of items no more than $250
- Property damage to the tune of $1000 or less
- Simple battery
- Disorderly conduct
- Possession of drug paraphernalia
- Theft of items (worth at least $250 but no more than $500)
What are Felonies in New Mexico?
New Mexico felony offenses are crimes which are punishable by a jail sentence of at least one year and by death in some cases. New Mexico felony crimes are categorized into five classes: capital felonies and first-degree through fourth-degree felonies. A capital felony is the most serious crime in New Mexico while first-degree felony is the second most serious felony crime, and fourth-degree felonies are the least serious felonies. The penalties applied to each felony class ranges from capital punishment or a lifetime in prison to a minimum of 18 months of jail time and a fine. Some examples of felonies in New Mexico include:
- Capital Felonies: Premeditated murder, aggravated sexual assault
- First-degree Felonies: Murder, sexual assault(of a minor), robbery with a deadly weapon
- Second-degree Felonies: Robbery, production of child pornography, drug trafficking
- Third-degree Felonies: Aggravated battery, some sex-related crimes
- Fourth-degree Felonies: Involuntary manslaughter, aggravated assault, burglary.
New Mexico Sex Offender Listings
New Mexico sex offender listings refers to the various online databases on which public information regarding sex offenders can be accessed. These listings are typically managed by the law enforcement agencies of various jurisdictions in the state. They feature the full names and biodata of offenders as well as their home, work and school addresses along with relevant criminal histories and their current compliance status. It is primarily at the discretion of a jugde to decide whether an offender should be registered, especially for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
New Mexico Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and maintain a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states establish sex offender registries and provide the public with information about those registered.
In the state of New Mexico, sex offender registration is mandated if an offender is convicted of the following crimes: aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual contact, criminal sexual contact if the victim is minor, endangering the welfare of a child by engaging in sexual conduct which would impair or debauch the morals of the child. Other crimes include endangering the welfare of a child through acts involving pornography featuring a child, promoting the prostitution of a child, luring or enticing, kidnapping, criminal restraint, and false imprisonment if the victim is a minor and the offender is not a parent of the victim.
New Mexico Serious Traffic Violation
New Mexico traffic violations are road-traffic offenses which usually lead to property damage, serious bodily injury and in some cases death. By New Mexico traffic laws, persons who are convicted of traffic violations have points added to your NM driving record. Upon accumulating 6 points (which may have resulted from a variety of related violations), the offender receives a stern warning via mail from the New Mexico Motor Vehicle Division (MVD) . Persons who accumulate up to 7-10 points within a year run the risk of having their licenses suspended for up to 3 months.
New Mexico Conviction Records
New Mexico conviction records are official documents indicating that that a person was found guilty of a criminal offense following their indictment and a court hearing. These records typically features the personal information of the convict as well as details of the charges and sentences. It is typically also indicated whether the individual pleaded guilty or pleaded nolo contendere against criminal charges. Conviction records also indicate adjudications of the subject, dishonorable discharges, probation, fines and paroles. However, details of convictions or sentences which have been reversed or annulled are usually excluded from these records.
What are Jail and Inmate Records?
New Mexico jail and inmate records refers to all official documents pertaining to persons incarcerated in the state and/or the correctional facilities operated by the state. These records are primarily managed by the New Mexico's Department of Corrections which is charged with all corrections-related services of the state. Jail and inmate records encompass information such as jail facility locations and capacity as well as inmate full names and aliases, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and mugshots. Interested persons may obtain this information by searching the online database maintained by the NMDC. Searches can be conducted by offender name and/or unique DOC number.
Where to Get Parole Information
Parole records are documents which provide information regarding the release of a prisoner prior to the completion of their maximum sentence. These records are generally managed by the New Mexico Parole Board which is tasked with granting, denying or revoking parole in the state. If granted parole, the prisoner will be under strict supervision in addition to paying a designated monthly fee for supervision, the prisoner will be required to submit to drug tests and occasional and/or unannounced visitations. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of New Mexico are served. All information pertaining to New Mexico paroles may be obtained by querying the parole board or the Records Information unit of the board.
New Mexico Probation Records
New Mexico probation records refer to official documents that indicate that a convicted criminal may serve their sentence outside detention as an alternative to doing so in a correctional facility.. This usually requires that the prisoner comply with probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer which may vary depending on the crime and the criminal history of the ofender. Probations are issued in proportion to the crime and may differ based on the type of supervision required.. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
New Mexico Juvenile Criminal Records
New Mexico Juvenile records refers to documents pertaining to the criminal activity of children or adolescents in the state. These records are typically confidential and members of the public have limited rights to attend hearings involving persons under legal age. If proven guilty of the criminal offense a Juvenile will not considered a convict but adjudicated delinquent. Juvenile criminal records including arrest records, detention center records, and records of proceedings involving juveniles are confidential but remain valid unless the individual petitions to have it expunged. Persons found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, may not respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless if probe regarding adjudicated delinquency.
New Mexico History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of criminal record data depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s when criminal and arrest data started to be centralized and compiled into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by human error in the past, but in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of recordkeeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org may vary from person to person.
How to Find Criminal Records in New Mexico
While the processes employed in criminal record collection and management may vary between jurisdictions, most New Mexico criminal records are organized in online record depositories and maintained by the state’s Department of Public Safety. Through the DPS, criminal records are made available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. These reports may be from a variety of sources including law enforcement agencies, courts, and online repositories/databases.
Given the non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes adopted by various record sources, the information presented on StateRecords.org may vary between subjects. Nonetheless, the information contained in a New Mexico Criminal Record is sufficient to evaluate the criminal behavior of the subject.